Strategy for General Studies Paper 3
Rank 415, CSE 2015
The potential to score very high in general studies paper 3 is more compared to other papers. This is because, to a large extent, looking at the previous papers, we can easily understand and predict the scope, contours and the nature of questions being asked in GS paper 3. The questions have a pattern. Most of the questions are current affairs based too.
Broadly, GS paper 3 can be divided into 3 major areas:
(2) Security issues
(3) Science and technology, environment and disaster management.
Lets try to look at the areas and nature of questions in these topics.
(1) The questions on ECONOMY have largely been on following areas:
(a) Standard and key areas of Indian economy (Jobs,skills, inclusive growth, jobless growth, many FDI related questions)
(b) Economic reforms oriented (DBT, GST, FRBM)
(c) Agriculture, cropping, Irrigation (questions on micro irrigation, livestock)
(d) Infrastructure and industries (Renewable energy, SEZs etc)
(e) Important initiatives of the day (Make in india, gold schemes,smart cities)
(2) Coming to SECURITY, more focus these days have been on cyber security (cyber threats, guidelines, policy) and border management and some questions on extremism related topics also. Proper preparation and strategy will yield very good marks in this area.
New and current topics are being asked which can be easily answered if we follow the current affairs little diligently (eg: hot pursuit, surgical strikes etc). Infact, the preparation of international relations of GS 2 will also come in handy (eg: CPEC issue, ISIS issue etc).
(3) The third area is S&T, environment and disaster management.
(a) Questions on disaster management more or less have been current based Eg: Kashmir and chennai floods, uttarakhand cloudburst
(b) Even questions on environment have also focused on topical and popular issues or policy level issues. For eg: Namami ganga, national water policy, go and no go zones of mining, green corridors.
(c) Regarding S&T, besides some standard areas like nanotechnology, patents and IPR issues, current areas like IRNSS of space, 3D printing,drug resistant diseases etc have been asked. Therefore current developments in standard areas remains the focus.
Having discussed about the areas of questions, let's see why taking a test series or some writing practice in this paper matters a lot.
1. To fetch good marks, besides mere information, need to have good presentation. Need to know the keywords of a topic and also how to substantiate your answers.
2. Exploring different dimensions of an answer is important. i.e. need to practice writing a holistic answer because in economy and security, there is huge possibility to explore different dimensions as there are many stakeholders.
3. For better integration of standard issues of GS 3 with current developments, writing practice is very much needed.
4. It's only with writing practice that one can see how well could one use the information of economic survey and macro economic data available to improve the quality of answers.
Strategy for Civil Services Examination
Sukhaputra N O
CSE 2015- Rank: 657
Optional: Animal husbandry and veterinary sciences
CSE 2016 is 6th attempt; I have given my 1st attempt in 2011 and qualified for interview in 2011 and also in 2012.
I started my preparation after completing my post graduation (Animal Genetics and Breeding) in 2010 and attended civil services coaching in Delhi with the support of Karnataka social welfare department.
Then I continued my preparation while working as assistant professor (4 years) in veterinary college shimoga and guiding students and aspirants for different civil services examination. CSE 2014 I got in to IRTS (Indian Railway Traffic Service) and in CSE 2015 I got in to IRS (IT) - Indian revenue service (IT)
Prelims: after completing the basic study material, referred previous years question papers for thorough analysis and understanding important concepts.
Collected question papers from different sources and solved these papers. After solving individually, discussed with my group members for further understanding and clarification of concepts
• Thorough analysis of the syllabus and previous year question papers
• Current affairs(Both mains and Prelims): reading and making notes from news paper (the Hindu) and listening to RSTV news and discussions .while reading/watching discussions relate these with the UPSC syllabus.
• Group discussion: after self study I was discussing important issues with the peer group for clarification and enrichment of contents
• Writing practice: collected mains question papers from different sources and written with time schedule. Evaluated by my peer group members
• Keep the preparation simple with limited number of books and notes
• Focus on making own notes, as far my experience this is the most important aspect of exam preparation
• Thorough analysis of the syllabus and previous years question papers
• Keep writhing tests with proper preparation and evaluate with peers / teachers and discuss for clarification of issues.
We are happy to have the association of Mr. Sukhaputra with Aikyatha ( http://exam.aikyatha.in ) in more ways than one for the benefit of the aspirants.
Santhosh B M
Rank 307, CSE 2016
Essay Score: 159/250
Here I would like to share my essay strategy. Before I would explain my strategy it is necessary to understand the importance of essay, even though it has similar weightage (250 Marks) as other GS subjects and Optional the scope for getting high marks is more in essay. And also here the variation of marks is also very high. Hence it plays very important role in ones selection or rejection. So clear focus and strategy is needed to score good marks in essay.
Coming to the strategy first the selection of one essay among four is very important in each section. Here you need to be careful and take sometime before deciding the topic. The selection of topic should be such that you have sufficient knowledge about the topic and have multi dimensional view . Usually science topics are preferred over philosophical topics, but you can chose any topic which one feels comfortable with.
The first part of the essay is Introduction. I usually divided Introduction into two parts one is introduction to the given topic and second introduction to my essay i.e hint of what I am going to write in my essay. For the first part of introduction it is better to start with a quote relevant to the topic, then explain the meaning of topic and its relevance in present world. As mentioned earlier second part give a brief introduction or insights into how you are going to explain the topic with multi dimensional view.
Second part is the body of essay here one should show his/her critical thinking. Various aspects of topics should be critically analyzed by highlighting both pros and cons and also providing innovative solution to the problems. Giving solution is very important and one must always provide solution to the negative aspects highlighted. For multidimensional view I usually used to think in terms of all the four GS papers that is to say, in GS Paper 1 we have History, Society and Geography, in paper 2 Polity, International relations, paper 3 is mainly about Economy ,Environment and Technology and paper 4 about Ethics. So one can think in these many aspects and take those aspects which is very relevant to the given topic.
While writing in different aspects one should always take care that it is not deviating from the central theme of the essay. Structure of essay is also important, there should be continuity from one paragraph to another. In each of aspects you should give both positives and negatives and also solution to overcome the negatives. Here supporting your argument with facts and figures is important . One cannot remember all the facts so it is better to know the basic data like socio-economic indicators like IMR ,MMR ,HDI ,Ease of doing business, GDP, growth rate etc. These data can be taken from Economic Survey .You can also take important data from current affairs materials which you would have studied. Just make notes from those materials and revise those data.
Last part is Conclusion. It should always be OPTIMISTIC and if possible futuristic. No new topics should be introduced here .It should summarize your entire essay. If possible a quote can be used here which shows the broader aspect of the topic. Finally reading your conclusion examiner must get a sense that the topic has been analyzed in different ways, solution has been provided to all the challenges and the person is optimistic about the future.
And finally practising essay is very important. For practice part I would suggest you to go through previous years essay papers and mock tests of any good institution.
Having said these I would suggest any aspirant to follow only those things which s/he feels logical and correct. Finally as saying goes “Practice makes man perfect”, practice some essays, try to incorporate points said by me or any other persons who has good knowledge on essays, get it corrected by resourceful persons and keep getting better everytime.
All the Best!
Strategy for General Studies
Rank 310, CSE 2016
If one observes the marking pattern in the last few years, GS has been the game changer. Despite the vast syllabus, it has a great potential to fetch high marks. And going forward it would play even a bigger role in Mains.
One needs to be thorough with static portions and keep on updating the dynamic aspects of it. For instance, Land reforms ( Paper 3 ) needs one to be aware of the history of Land reforms in India , reasons for its success and failure in different parts of the country, latest land acquisition act and critical analysis of the same.
Further, answer writing plays a key role in scoring high marks in GS. Some important pointers in this regard would be as follows:
General Studies – Paper 3
This paper is the most dynamic with respect to the variety of questions that can be asked. But it gives one an advantage with respect to answer writing.
Major subdivisions – Indian economy ( + infrastructure ) , Agriculture and related , science and Technology , Environment and disaster management, Security related issues.
Preparation for this paper mostly depends on current affairs ( News papers ). Economic survey , India year book , IDSA site ( for security related issues ) etc
Each topic in the syllabus must be prepared in combination ( static + current affairs portion ). For instance : Investment models ( BOT , DBFO etc as static portions and swiss challenge method , Hybrid annuity as current ones . Critical analysis of them . International comparison, PPP suitability and respective model in India etc )
Important to understand in this paper is how to address a question precisely and bring in larger picture into the answer. For instance a question on Surgical Strikes (2016) should address the need of question and also encapsulate the larger issue of cross border terrorism and security threats in subcontinent.
So, writing practice plays an important role as far as this paper is concerned. For that to happen it is crucial to make notes while reading newspapers in adjacent to respective topics. And one should update it as and when one encounters related facts, examples. And regular revision would help in framing an answer which is multi dimensional, content rich and brings in larger picture into play.